anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau
samarpayitum unnatojjvala-rasam sva-bhakti-sriyam
sada hrdaya-kandare sphuratu vah saci-nandanah
TRANSLATION: May the Supreme Lord who is known as the son of Srimati
Saci-devi be transcendentally situated in the innermost chambers of your
heart. Resplendent with the radiance of molten gold, He has appeared in the
Age of Kali by His causeless mercy to bestow what no incarnation has ever
offered before: the most sublime and radiant mellow of devotional service,
the mellow of conjugal love.
(om ajnana, etc.)
HH Sivarama Swami: Caitanya-caritamrta is based on 14 seed verses which
glorify Caitanya Mahaprabhu, Lord Nityananda, Advaita Acarya and the
spiritual masters. This is the fourth verse and it constitutes Rupa
Goswami’s blessings upon Vaisnavas. Later on, Kaviraja Goswami points out
that this is the mangalacarana, or auspicious invocation. In a
mangalacarana, you have three things, you establish the object of worship,
then you offer obeisances, and offer blessings.
This is a blessing describing Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He says, “May the Supreme
Personality of Godhead who is known as the son of Srimati Saci-devi be
transcendentally situated in the innermost chambers of your heart.”
Interestingly enough this is not written by Krsnadas Kaviraja Goswami, but
this is a verse written by Rupa Goswami. So he is not giving his blessing,
he is giving Rupa Goswami’s blessing. When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was in
Jagannath Puri, at that time Rupa Goswami had come there and was residing
there with Haridas Thakur. Lord Caitanya had brought his associates,
particularly Ramananda Raya who was a great poet and dramatist. He wanted
his associates to test Rupa Goswami’s compositions.
Srila Prabhupada also points out he wanted to see their reaction, how they
would react to hearing the beauty of Rupa Goswami’s writings, which in a
transcendental sense would eclipse their own. Would they be in some way
envious? Of course they weren’t. They all glorified Rupa Goswami’s writings.
So there are these two dramas, most famous dramas of Rupa Goswami, the
Lalita Madhava and the Vidagdha Madhava. Ramananda Raya began by asking what
the nandi-sloka of this drama is. Nandi-sloka is the invocation, similar to
these verses, to invoke blessings and good fortune on the hearers. And after
that, what is your worshipable Deity, describe the glorification of your
worshipable Deity, and then this is the verse that is found in that Vidagdha
It is interesting they don’t cite reference. Kaviraja Goswami’s fourth verse
is taken from another text but he doesn’t footnote it. Nowadays, you can’t
get away with that, you have to reference it. It was known amongst the
Vaisnavas who these verses were from. At that time the readership in one
sense were more educated. Practically most of the verses quoted by the
acaryas in their books or commentaries–sometimes Jiva Goswami in the
Sandarbhas makes an exception–but generally they just quote the text. They
say padme, in the Padma Purana, or in the Skanda Purana, but they don’t give
the verse number, they don’t give the canto, you should know where it was
from as a reader. Nowadays we have to be very particular, not only we have
to give the verse number but you have to give the edition because who knows
if it’s bona fide. Things have changed.
Here Kaviraja Goswami is introducing, he is giving Rupa Goswami’s blessing.
Because amongst all of the Gaudiya Acaryas, Rupa Goswami is our Prabhupada
who is giving us
sri-caitanya-mano-‘bhistam sthapitam yena bhu-tale
He is establishing the mission of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Part of that of
mission is that all of Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s followers, as His Holiness
Jayapataka Swami Maharaja had pointed out, not only do they take Caitanya
Mahaprabhu mission of spreading Krsna consciousness to everyone, and
themselves being examples of Krsna consciousness, but they also take Lord
Caitanya within their heart.
Srila Prabhupada spoke on this verse here in Mayapur, some time in the end
of March, I think in ’75, and he said that unless you accept Lord Caitanya
within your heart, you cannot understand Krsna, you cannot understand
Krsna’s pastimes. Krsna is very difficult,
manusyanam sahasresu kascid yatati siddhaye
Without Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s mercy, more or less Krsna becomes impossible
And we see that in India, we see it even among other sampradayas, what to
speak of in the West. Scholars dedicate their lives to studying and reading
about Krsna and yet they don’t understand. They do the same about Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, they approach him in a very scholastic way and are not willing
to surrender to him in any way whatsoever, it is extremely difficult for
them to really surrender at least while they are alive.
I remember in Hungary, when I first went there it was still a communist
regime so we would go incognito. Then in 1989 the Berlin wall came down and
everything opened up we could travel in devotee clothes and go around and
preach as a devotee.
One of the first university programmes I did, I got into an argument with
the Indologist. There are not many Indologists in Hungary. She was a lady,
and it was a long argument because I was there for three days and every day
we would meet and talk. She would take me to her class and I would speak and
she would try to correct me and then I would say “No, no, that is not what I
And then we would talk in private and it went like that for fourteen years
or so. But we were very nice. She actually supervised giving PhDs to quite a
few of our devotees, but she would never openly admit to being too
Unfortunately she left her body relatively young from Alzheimer’s. When she
left her body, her husband, who was an Egyptologist, he came and said my
wife’s will was to give you her library. It was 2500 books. She had books
she had received from Basham, she was one of Basham’s disciples. That at
least was an admission. The university, ELT, which is the prime university
of Hungary, she was a professor there and at several other universities,
they came and were extremely upset, they were obviously expecting to get the
books. But they gave the books to our Bhaktivedanta Theological College. So
at least she appreciated, but she waited until. . . she didn’t want to be
humiliated in front of the academics so she waited until she left her body
and willed it. But generally they won’t understand.
Kaviraja Goswami also says,
kathancana smrte yasmin duskaram sukaram bhavet
Things that are very, very difficult become very, very easy if you remember
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but if you forget Lord Caitanya then the easiest thing
becomes very, very difficult. Of course the most difficult thing is to
understand Krsna. Sri-caitanyam namami tam, there is nothing more difficult
than Krsna, but even understanding Krsna becomes very easy.
Srila Prabhupada gave us as the example, that we don’t have any historical
or cultural background for the most part. By we I mean devotees from western
backgrounds, but still he says we understand Krsna, you are dedicating your
lives to the Krsna consciousness movement. That happens by Caitanya
Here Kaviraja Goswami writes:
anarpita-carim cirat karunayavatirnah kalau
Arpita, anarpita, not bestowed. He says what Caitanya Mahaprabhu has given
has not been bestowed for a long, long time. This is interesting because
just prior to Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s appearance Lord Krsna is appearing, 4500
years earlier. But even Krsna didn’t give. It hadn’t been given for a long
time, meaning that even though Krsna personally appeared, he bestowed love
for himself upon his associates, but for the most part Krsna was not
directly accepted or recognized by the people in general. And although he
liberated many personalities, on the battle of Kuruksetra all the millions
of warriors who were there and able to see Krsna, then Srila Prabhupada
points out that they received their original forms when they left their
bodies. And they all left their bodies because aside from the Pandavas and a
few others, nobody walked off that battlefield alive.
They were able to attain liberation but they were not able to receive what
Caitanya Mahaprabhu here is distributing. And what is that, sama-arpayitum,
Caitanya Mahaprabhu is giving. Just like we have kirtana and sankirtana, the
prefix san means it is complete. So not only was it not given for a long
time, but now Cm is giving it completely? What is he giving, unnatojjvala
rasa, which Srila Prabhupada translates as the conjugal mellow of his own
Later on in the third chapter of this Adi-lila, then Kaviraja describes this
verse. He doesn’t actually describe the conjugal mellow specifically, but
rather he describes vraja-bhakti, or spontaneous devotional service. He
points out that particularly in friendship, in parental affection and
conjugal love, this is actually what Caitanya Mahaprabhu actually came to
give. Lord Krsna showed it, but he didn’t give it, or he gave it only to a
very few associates. But Caitanya Mahaprabhu came and he distributed,
Krsna-prema pradayate, to anyone who was willing to accept his mercy,
There are different words or terms used for mercy. Sometimes the word daya,
or the word krpa, sometimes karuna. Even just hearing the word karuna, it is
a more intimate form of mercy. Krpa is more, like often people say please
give me your krpa, some stranger will come up to you, “Give me your krpa,”
it is a more formal thing, something that you give. Karuna is something that
is very heartfelt, you give to someone who is very close. This is one of
Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s unique characteristics, that he considers all,
especially Bengalis, there is one verse by Rupa Goswami where he says that
Bengalis are actually his family members. . . but Caitanya Mahaprabhu
actually considers all conditioned souls on the level of family, not very
formal. Sarva-dharman parityajya is a formal declaration. . . rather very
heartfelt, so he gives his karuna which is something very, very rare.
Something that Krsna doesn’t give in other incarnations, he only hits about
or hints to in Bhagavad-gita, and this is Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s mission.
This is his, what Srila Prabhupada says, is external, the external cause of
The two subsequent verses talk about the internal cause, the confidential
cause. Elsewhere Srila Prabhupada calls it the real cause of Caitanya
Mahaprabhu’s appearance. So there are these two things, there is what is the
internal purpose that Caitanya Mahaprabhu is trying to achieve and is
something that he is relishing himself, and the other is what he is giving
or bestowing to all others.
This verse is somewhat synonymous with the well-known verse in Srimad
Bhagavatam that is quoted throughout all of Srila Prabhupada’s books.There
Maharaja Nimi is asking who is the incarnation for this age and what is the
process of worship. Karabhajana Muni replies:
krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam sangopangastra-parsadam
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah
This is about Caitanya Mahaprabhu and his particular mission, what is he
achieving. It describes his transcendental features. Prabhupada calls it the
most famous verse about Lord Caitanya. Lord Caitanya is being described as
krsnavarnam, this word varna has different meanings. Just like Krsna says
catur varnyam maya-srstam, so varna means category.
In the verse that preceded it, it ends “tac-chrnum”, Karabhajana Muni talks
about the previous ages, he gives the incarnations and mantras by which they
are worshipped and also the sacrifice which is appropriate to them. Then he
says “Now listen to me.” Just like Krsna in Bhagavad-gita also says
mayy asakta-manah partha yogam yunjan mad-asrayah
When someone is about to say something very important then he attracts that
person’s attention by saying, “Listen to what I am going to say.” Then he
says krsnavarnam, yes, he is the same category as Krsna. Srila Prabhupada
also usually translates this word varna as someone who is always saying the
word Krsna, that is also krsnavarnam, on one whose tongue the name Krsna is
always vibrating. But he is tvisa-akrsnam, means that his complexion is not
blackish, the prefix a means not. It is something else, he has a different
complexion. What is that complexion? We know his complexion is golden.
When Srila Prabhupada quotes this verse, he always quotes another verse,
which I forget. When Nanda Maharaja was having the birth ceremony of Krsna,
suklo raktas tatha pitah idanim krsnatam gatah, when Nanda Maharaja was
taking Krsna and Balarama for his name-giving ceremony, at that time they
were performing it in the goshalla because they were afraid that Kamsa would
find out if it was some big public ceremony. So they did it in private and
Gargamuni was present. He spoke this verse. He was describing Balarama and
then he described Krsna, asavarnam, again this word varna, he says your son
has appeared as a white incarnation, red incarnation, yellow and now,
idanim, appears in a blackish form.
It is interesting that the chronology there is suklo rakta tatha pita,
Satya-yuga is white, then red incarnation and now he is appearing in, . . .
? Srila Prabhupada says sometimes he appears as Lord Ramacandra. Just like
whenever Krsna appears, Caitanya Mahaprabhu appears and preceding them Lord
Ramacandra appears. Once every 28 millenniums those three incarnations
First he says Lord Caitanya, pita, yellowish or golden complexion. So akrsna
is that he is not blackish, he is pita, yellow golden. But now he is
appearing in this darkish complexion. . . . In Kali-yuga the yuga-avatara is
always blackish, except when Caitanya Mahaprabhu appears. And the change in
the chronology was given to emphasise that Krsna is appearing now in this
blackish form as he is svayam-bhagavan, but the golden-complexioned one is
the same as this blackish-complexioned one.
In Caitanya-mangala, Locana Das Thakur gives this very nice description
between Lord Brahma and Narada Muni. Narada Muni asks what is the evidence
that Caitanya Mahaprabhu is actually of the same category as Krsna? What is
the sastric statement that says that? Lord Brahma said I meditated on this
for a long time and I came to the conclusion that this is what Krsna himself
says in the Bhagavad-gita:
yada yada hi dharmasya glanir bhavati bharata
abhyutthanam adharmasya tadatmanam srjamy aham
paritranaya sadhunam vinasaya ca duskrtam
dharma-samsthapanarthaya sambhavami yuge yuge
He says, why does Krsna say yuge yuge? Because I appear to do three things,
in this age and in the next age, yuge yuge. In this age, and in the next
So that is a very nice explanation. This is what Lord Brahma meditates on,
these kind of philosophical concepts. So Krsna appears, but after Krsna, in
the same category is Krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam.
Kaviraja Goswami gives us this blessing, meditate on Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
sada hrdaya kandare, kandara means like a cave. Srila Prabhupada translates
like that, in the cavity of the heart. Always keep Lord Caitanya in your
heart. This is the blessing that we are receiving, to somehow or other keep
Lord Caitanya in our hearts. It’s not a very difficult thing because Lord
Caitanya is karunaya, he is very merciful, he is very beautiful,
sango-pangastra parsadam. These words are described or defined in different
ways, different acaryas give various explanations of who are the sanga, who
are the upanga, who are the astra, who are the parsada. But generally they
all agree that the astra, the weapon, Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s weapon is his
beauty, his extraordinary beautiful form:
suvarna-varno hemango varangas candanangadi
His suvarna, his bodily hue is very, very beautiful, he has very long arms.
You can just imagine, as Srila Prabhupada said as our Panca Tattva, unless
something happened over the last 500 years in terms of the size. . .
Caitanya Mahaprabhu was seven and a half feet tall and Bengalis are really
not known for their height, unless something changed. I know in England,
between the First World War and the Second World War, the average height of
men was about three inches higher. But in those two world wars so many of
the men lost their lives that the average general height decreased. But
generally the Bengalis are intellectuals, they just think out the wars and
let the Punjabis and others do the fighting.
When we used to come into Calcutta, for many years right outside Dum Dum
Airport, there was this big sign: Welcome to the City of Intellectuals. Now
they took it down, I don’t know if that means anything.
Imagine Caitanya Mahaprabhu, seven and a half feet tall, that’s tall by any
calculation, but especially in a state where generally people are of a
smaller stature. He was very, very beautiful, his shoulders are like that of
a lion, nyagrodha-parimandala, his arms are reaching down to his knees, and
his features are just so beautiful, his eyes are very long.
I remember when I was in Jaipur ordering the Gaura Nitai Deities for
Hungary, and I asked the murti-wallah who was carving the Deities, “You have
to make the eyes larger.” He said no, this is the size. I said they have to
be larger, sastra says the eyes have to be larger. Anyway, he made them
We had experience before when I had them paint Ramacandra green when we were
ordering the Sita Rama Deities which were originally supposed to be for
Chicago but they ended up in Bhaktivedanta Manor, and I asked him to paint
Lord Ramacandra green. He said, no he also black like Krsna. Finally, we
were paying the bill, so he had to paint him green. And all the
murti-wallahs came and thought it was very entertaining that Lord Ramacandra
was green. Prabhupada says he is green like a parrot.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s beauty is his astra, we have this word in English,
disarming. It’s a weapon, it just disarms you. So one weapon is that you
counteract someone else’s weapon, but Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s beauty and his
kindness and his qualities, his humility, if you just consider. . . .
Lord Caitanya, when he went to Isvara Puri’s birthplace, he took dust and
for the rest of his life he would every day eat a little bit of that dust.
This is Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s astra. If we keep Lord Caitanya always within
our hearts then Krsna consciousness becomes easy, chanting Hare Krsna
becomes very easy, and by Lord Caitanya’s grace then we get to back home,
back to Godhead.
How long does this class go to? 8:15. Yajnaih sankirtana prayaih, praya
means almost. The way to please Caitanya Mahaprabhu is not very difficult.
There is this very wonderful letter that Srila Prabhupada wrote. I don’t
remember to who, but it had to do with worshipping Deities. He says, yes,
you can worship Deities, but if you just have a picture of Panca Tattva, he
says you can keep it in a drawer, you take it out, you chant Hare Krsna to
him and you put him back in the drawer, he says Panca Tattva are so merciful
that just do that, then they will save you, they will deliver you. That is
To worship Caitanya Mahaprabhu, to keep him in our heart, and to have him
manifest all of the wonderful treasures that he is giving to us requires
mostly to chant Hare Krsna. Mostly means hearing Srimad Bhagavatam and
Bhagavad-gita. Srila Prabhupada gave very, very short classes. 18 minutes,
20 minutes, 25 minutes, 30 minutes is like a long class. And sometimes when
he had his disciples at a certain point he would say, “Ok, now chant Hare
Yajnaih sankirtana prayair, and Deity worship. So Deity worship is also
there and obviously hearing Srimad-Bhagavatam, but mostly chanting Hare
Krsna. And if we chant Hare Krsna, we apply ourselves in japa, we chant
together in kirtana, but most importantly that we chant Hare Krsna by taking
the holy name out on the streets, chanting it for the benefit of others.
Narada Muni says that this has 100 times greater benefit.
Harinama-sankirtana has 100 times more benefit than that which benefits
ourselves. And the varna, the category of that chanting Hare Krsna,
distributing books, distributing prasadam. . . .
Once Srila Prabhupada visited Montreal in 1975. I was distributing books
and he was sitting at the airport, and I wanted. . . Srila Prabhupada came
in the morning and then he got a telegram that Indira Gandhi was willing to
meet him. So he immediately arranged to get on the plane and he was off by
the afternoon. He was there for no more than four or five hours. I asked
Srila Prabhupada what is more important, book distribution, prasadam
distribution or chanting Hare Krsna? And he knew what I wanted him to say,
which was book distribution. So he said that they are all equally important.
I said I know, but of the three, Srila Prabhupada, which do you prefer? And
he said they are all equally important. Prabhupada wouldn’t budge.
So yes, distributing prasadam, distributing Krsna’s holy name, distributing
transcendental knowledge by Srila Prabhupada’s books, by speaking about
Krsna, by doing that type of sankirtan Lord Caitanya is very easily pleased.
And when Lord Caitanya is pleased, then our success in Krsna consciousness
Then this unnatojjvala rasa, Rupa Goswami uses this word, ujjvala. He gave a
further explanation on his Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu in his Ujjvala-nilamani,
describing the transcendental exchanges between the gopis and Krsna. He
called that the Ujjvala-nilamani, the blazing sapphire. On one hand that
refers to Krsna, and also ujjvala refers to, as it describes here, the
blazing loving transcendental exchange between Krsna and his associates.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to give this very rare thing.
Srila Prabhupada would glorify it, quoting this commentary on
aradhyo bhagavan vrajesa tanayas, tad dhama vrndavanam
That the original mellow, the adi-rasa, is the original parakiya, or
conjugal mellow, which is kept very secret due to its confidential nature.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu, through the teachings of Caitanya-caritamrta, gave us
the opportunity to hear about that and cultivate all of these aspects of
spontaneous service, which are the real treasure of Goloka Vrindavan. Sriyam
I’ll stop here unless anyone would like to add something or ask something.
Gokulananda Prabhu? Gokulananda Prabhu is my siksa guru. He pulled me out of
the material world, taught me how to distribute Prabhupada’s books. I was
sitting in a vegetarian restaurant with my wife and he walked in selling
BTGs. And I saw him from the other end of the room and I said “Oh, no.” And
he saw me and he said, “Peter!” Thank you very much. This was in Montreal.
I was reading Srila Prabhupada’s books twelve hours a day, and the day I
came in after the morning programme and was doing my reading. Someone tapped
me on the shoulder and said what are you doing? I said I’m reading, I read
Prabhupada’s books quite a bit. He said, well, we’ve got some news for you.
Here we distribute Srila Prabhupada’s books, we don’t just read them. And
then he took me out and showed me how to distribute BTGs, and we got
arrested in the afternoon and spent the afternoon in jail. (laughter) I
didn’t know this is what Krsna consciousness was about. . . .
The question was the reference for Narada Muni saying that sankirtan is 100
times more potent. No, I can’t remember the reference, but it’s there in one
of our sloka books. You have it, Kratu Prabhu? It’s there, it may be
pancaratra, but it is there, it is not an obscure reference.
Devotee: Thank you, Maharaja, for a very nice glorification of Lord
Caitanya. Could you give us a little glimpse into Lord Caitanya’s
audarya-bhava, his mood of giving Krsna to the whole world which is
considered higher than madhurya. Or within madhurya that audarya is present
within Radharani’s heart and how Lord Caitanya exhibited that.
HH Sivarama Swami: Here this is audarya-dhama. And I think what you are
emphasizing, not necessarily that audarya is higher than madhurya, but the
fact is that madhurya becomes inaccessible to us without madhurya. So in the
conclusion to Prarthana, Narottam Das Thakur says that this path of
vraja-bhakti is very slippery and very difficult.
Here it is achievable without effort. Audarya means mercy. The mood of the
followers of Caitanya Mahaprabhu is that we worship Lord Caitanya in the
mood of servitude, bas. There is no other relationship that Gaudiya
Vaisnavas have with Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Even Lord Nityananda declares this,
everyone is a servant of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. By serving him, his munifence
and kindness is that automatically devotional service becomes manifest,
So in that sense the audarya is most visible in the fact that something that
is very difficult or more or less impossible for people to access in
Kali-yuga can, without risk, be easily achieved by serving Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. That’s why Srila Prabhupada put so much emphasis on serving the
Krsna consciousness mission without necessarily making some kind of
completely independent effort in cultivating vraja-bhakti. This is because
within Lord Caitanya’s service automatically vraja-bhakti naturally comes.
That is what is stated right here. He is giving it. Karunayavatirna kalau,
this is his audarya, this is his karuna, Lord Caitanya’s mercy is if you
keep Caitanya Mahaprabhu in your hearts, chant Hare Krsna, serve his
mission, then naturally those gifts of pure devotion and the things that
Krsna came to show, they will naturally come, naturally manifest.
One last question.
Devotee: Maharaja, earlier in the class you mentioned how the people on the
Battlefield of Kuruksetra attained liberation. I was wondering if you could
explain, as the vast majority of those didn’t understand Krsna’s actual
position, what was the nature of their liberation and what destination did
HH Sivarama Swami: Prabhupada states, as well as other commentators, that
they achieved their original forms. By dying on the battlefield, by seeing
Krsna, what liberated them was the fact that they were actually able to
perceive Krsna. They saw Krsna driving Arjuna’s chariot and that vision of
Partha-sarathi, seeing Krsna at the time of death:
yam yam vapi smaran bhavan
and at the same time dying on the battlefield, meaning that they were then
freed of the results of their sinful activities, they were able to attain an
original form. What that original form is, that I have not heard elaborated.
But I would suggest that is not particularly the same type of benefit that
one would achieve by serving Caitanya Mahaprabhu. But still they were
actually able to achieve that type of perfection. They saw Krsna as they
left this world. Although they may have been all differently situated, many
of them antagonists, but everyone appreciated, once again, Krsna’s beauty,
and Krsna’s humility. That Krsna was willing to take the role of a sudra, a
chariot driver is a sudra’s business, just in order to serve Arjuna. And
everyone appreciated that. That appreciation was their faith and from there
they were actually able to move forward.
Time for greeting the Deities. Thank you very much. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu